Just when you thought it was safe to go back into the Maryland Room…#ArchivesShark
Friday, May 1, 1:30 – 4:30 pm
Join a community interested in promoting labor history by editing the popular online encyclopedia Wikipedia. Part celebration and part workshop, Edit-a-Thons are organized around a single topic as a means to build awareness and community. We’ll draw content from labor-related collections at the University of Maryland, including the recently acquired AFL-CIO Archives. No editing or technical experience necessary. All participants will receive complimentary issues of Labor’s Heritage journal. As part of a nationwide effort, other libraries with significant labor collections will also participate.
Event details: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Meetup/DC/UMDLabor
This event is followed by:
AFL-CIO Archive Reception & Tour, 4:30 – 6:00 pm
Join us for a unique opportunity to view the George Meany Memorial AFL-CIO Archive, a prestigious archive originally at the National Labor College. These rich archives provide a unique history of the labor struggle in the United States and internationally. See behind the scenes in the archives stacks: labor cartoons, buttons, pins, and memorabilia. Civil Rights and Labor items will be on display in the Maryland Room. In addition, view labor-related materials, including photographs, censored newspaper articles, posters, and magazines, from the Gordon W. Prange Collection, the largest archive in the world of Japanese print publications from the early years of the Allied Occupation of Japan, 1945-1949.
A new (very old!) collection of early printing has now been processed and digitized, and is available in the Digital Collections or by request in person in the Maryland Room. The Early Printing Collection is a set of thirty-six leaves and pages that were printed in Europe in the late 15th century. It includes printed pages from many well-known works, including the The Nuremberg Chronicle, Historia Scholastica and The Cologne Chronicle.
Typographical printing done before 1501 in Europe is often called Incunabula, a funny pseudo-Latin phrase that refers to the birth of printing in the 15th century. The 15th century saw important advances in the movable type printing press thanks to Johannes Gutenberg’s printing press invented around 1450. The Gutenberg Bible is the first (and probably most famous) book printed using movable type, and while you won’t find any of its pages in the Early Printing Collection, the collection does feature many other pages from Bibles and other religious and historical chronicles printed around the same time period. Within the collection the printing itself is generally clear and easy to read — that is, if you understand Latin or Middle German!
Early Printing History
Even though the leaves are over 500 years old, the collection is in relatively good condition and provides excellent examples of early printing history, from paper-making to moveable type setting to woodblock printing. Many of the leaves were printer’s proof sheets or scraps, but since paper was still a relatively valuable commodity at the time, these scrap pages were recycled and used in book-binding. They’ve since been removed from bindings, but many still bear marks from the old binding paste. Looking more closely at the leaves in the collection, you can find examples of mould-made papers with visible chain lines and laid lines that indicate how the paper was made by hand using a wire mesh screen. Watermarks, the designs and images found in laid paper, can also be seen on some of the leaves, especially those from the Nuremberg Chronicle. Most of the printing is done in a Gothic typeface, also called Blackletter, though there are a few examples of roman type as well. There are leaves from several important printers from the time period, including Günther Zainer from Augsburg, Konrad Dinckmut from Ulm, and Johann Koelhoff The Younger of Cologne. As for the context, most of the leaves are from religious texts like bibles, psalters, and books of hours, while a few of the leaves come from historical and legal texts.
Explore the Collection in the Classroom
The Early Printing Collection has many potential applications for undergraduate and graduate courses on campus. Courses in departments like English, History, Art History, Art Studio, Library Science, and others can utilize the collection to study firsthand the history of printing, typography design, and rare books. Plus, with thirty-six separate folios of leave, there are enough examples for students to work individually or in small groups to closely examine the details of the page and learn about early printing firsthand.
Newly opened portions of the collection
RG4: Executive Council
RG4-010 Early Federation Records, 1881-1888
RG18: International Affairs Department
RG18‑006 CIO International Affairs Department. Director’s Files, Michael H.S. Ross, 1934‑1963
RG20: Information Department
RG20-003 Information Department. CIO, AFL-CIO Press Releases, 1937-1995
RG20-004 Information Department. AFL-CIO News Cartoons, 1955-1984
RG28: Organizing Department
RG28-001 Organization and Field Services Department. AFL Federal Local Unions (FLUs); AFL-CIO Directly Affiliated Local Unions (DALUs), Charter Records, 1924-1981
RG28‑002 Organizing Department. Records, 1955‑1975
Labor History Publications:
AFL List of Affiliated Organizations: 1903-1931, 1940-1955
AFL-CIO List of Affiliated Organizations: 1956-1999, 2002-2003, 2005
Reports AFL 1881-1955
Proceedings of constitutional convention CIO 1938-1955
AFL CIO Proceedings 1955-2009
American Federationist 1894-1982
CIO Union News Service (1936-1937)
CIO News 1937-1955
AFL Weekly Newsletter – Vol. 2-12
AFL News Reporter 1951-1953
AFL News 1954-1955
AFL-CIO News 1955-1996
LLPE League Reporter 1949-1951
America at Work 1996-2002
Union Advocate, Vol. 1 (1887)
There are now 80 AFL-CIO finding aids re-opened!
We’ve just completed a new batch of 23 sub-record groups (see list below). There are a few more that we’re working on, including microfilm collections. At this time the microfilm is still under review. We are also working out the best way to retrieve selected published materials from within Hornbake.
PDF versions of the Guide to Collections and each re-opened finding aid are available. Please contact us if there is something you’d like to look at.
• RG9-003 Civil Rights Department, 1946-2000
RG21: Legislation Department
• RG21-001 Legislation Department. Records, 1906 1978
• RG21-002 Legislation Department: Testimony 1953-1994
RG22: Committee on Political Education (COPE)
• RG22-001 Committee on Political Education. Research Division Files, 1944 1979
RG28: Organizing Department
• RG28-003 Organization and Field Services Department. International and National Union Charter Files, 1886 1989
• RG28-005 Department of Organization and Field Services. State Charter Records, 1890-1985
• RG28-006 Department of Organization and Field Services. Local Central Body Charter Records, 1889-1987
RG41: Industrial Union Department
• RG41-001 Industrial Union Department. Publications, 1956-
RG50: AFL-CIO Support Groups/AFL-CIO Constituency Group
• RG50-001 AFL-CIO Support Groups/AFL-CIO Constituency Groups. Frontlash Records, 1968-1997
RG52: American Federation of Women’s Auxiliaries of Labor
• RG52 001 American Federation of Women’s Auxiliaries of Labor. Records, 1935 1977
RG95: Private Donations
• RG95-009 Alan Kistler Papers, 1954-2000
• RG95-011 George Delaney Papers, 1943-1972
• RG95-012 Anthony Wayne Smith Papers, 1920-1992
• RG95-013 National Capital Area Trade Union Retirees Club Paul A. Wagner Oral History Project, 1994-2002
• RG95-014 Metropolitan Washington Council, AFL-CIO. The Trades Unionist, 1896-1973
RG97: Audio-Video Media
• RG97-003 Education Department. Labor Films, 1947-
• RG97-004 AFL-CIO Film Productions. Americans at Work, 1959-1960
RG98: Artificial Collections
• RG98 001 Labels, Letterheads and Logos
• RG98-002 George Meany Memorial Archives. Vertical Files, 1882-1990
• RG98-003 Miscellaneous Items
• RG98-004 Scrapbooks, 1883-1982
• RG98-005 AFL-CIO Merger Oral History Project, 1978-1980
RG99: Graphics Collection
• RG99-001 Posters, Broadsides, and Art, 1900-
Contact us with your questions
The George Meany Memorial AFL-CIO Archive is the largest single donation to the University Libraries and complements other labor-related collections in our libraries. To find out more about related labor collections in Special Collections, please view Collections By Subject: Labor In America.
The AFL-CIO Archive consists of approximately 40 million documents and other material that will help researchers better understand pivotal social movements in this country, including those to gain rights for women, children and minorities.
The Current list of re-opened record groups from the George Meany Memorial AFL-CIO Archive:
RG1: Office of the President
- RG1-010 Office of the President. Rosa Lee Guard Papers, 1904-1927
- RG1-011 Office of the President. Samuel Gompers’ Copy Books, 1907 1924
- RG1-012 Office of the President. Correspondence with Politicians, 1908‑1944
- RG1-013 Office of the President. Samuel Gompers and Woodrow Wilson
- RG1-015 Office of the President. William Green Papers, 1888, 1909 1952
- RG1-019 Office of the President. President’s Files, William Green, 1869-1955
- RG1-023 Office of the President. President’s Files, William Green, 1940‑1952
- RG1-026 Office of the President. George Meany Papers, 1935-1960
- RG1-027 Office of the President. President’s Files, George Meany, 1947-1960
- RG1-028 Office of the President. Merger Files, State and Local Central Bodies, 1955‑1962
- RG1-038 Office of the President. George Meany Files, 1940-1980
- RG1-039 Office of the President. AFL-CIO Joint Minimum Wage Committee, 1954-1960
- RG1-040 Office of the President. AFL Cornerstone Papers, 1881-1916
- RG1-041 Office of the President. Jurisdiction Books, 1890-1978
RG2: Secretary-Treasurer’s Office
- RG2-001 Secretary Treasurer’s Office. Gabriel Edmonston Papers, 1881 1912
- RG2-002 Secretary Treasurer’s Office. Frank Morrison’s Letterbooks, 1904 1925
- RG2-003 Secretary‑Treasurer’s Office. Frank Morrison, 1911‑1914
- RG2-006 Office of the Secretary‑Treasurer. Secretary‑ Treasurer’s Files, George Meany, 1940‑1953
- RG2-007 Office of the Secretary‑Treasurer. Secretary‑ Treasurer’s Files: William F. Schnitzler, 1952‑1980
- RG2-009 Secretary‑Treasurer’s Office. AFL Account Books, 1887‑1925
- RG2-010 Secretary‑Treasurer’s Office. AFL, AFL‑CIO Charter Books, 1891‑1966
- RG4-004 Executive Council. Correspondence, Minutes, Vote Books, 1891 1954
- RG4-005 Executive Council. Samuel Gompers Memorial Committee, 1924‑1936
- RG4-006 Executive Council. AFL CIO Executive Council Minutes, 1955 1969
- RG4-008 American Federation of Labor. Executive Council Minutes, 1893-1955
- RG4-009 Congress of Industrial Organization. Executive Board. Proceedings, 1942-1955
RG5: Office of the General Council
- RG5-001 Office of the General Council. Lawyers Coordinating Committee Oral History Project
RG9: Civil Rights Department
- RG9-001 Civil Rights Department. AFL Records, 1943 1955; CIO Committee to Abolish Discrimination, 1948 1950; AFL CIO Director’s Files, 1956 1967
- RG9-002 Civil Rights Department. Discrimination Case Files, 1947 1984
RG13: Research Department
- RG13-001 Research Department. Boris Shishkin Papers, 1918, 1927-1971
- RG13‑002 Research Department. Staff Files, Frank Fernbach, 1942 1968
- RG13‑003 Research Department. Staff Files, Nat Goldfinger, 1947‑1966
- RG13‑004 CIO Research Department. Staff Files, Everett Kassalow, 1947-1951
- RG13 005 Research Department. Director’s Files, Stanley H. Ruttenberg, 1946-1964
- RG13‑006 Economic Research Department. Office of Wage and Industrial Relations Records. Anne Draper Files, 1963‑1994
- RG13-007 Research Department. Convention Files, 1953
RG18: International Affairs Department
- RG18‑001 International Affairs Department. Country Files, 1945‑1971
- RG18‑002 CIO International Affairs Department. Director’s Files, Michael Ross, 1945‑1955
- RG18‑003 International Affairs Department. Jay Lovestone Files, 1939 1974
- RG18‑004 Affairs Department. Irving Brown Files, 1943‑1989
- RG18‑005 Affairs Department. Staff Files: George Delaney’s Files, 1921-1957
- RG18‑007 International Affairs Department. International Labor Organizations Activities, 1946-1985
- RG18‑008 International Affairs Department. AFL Advisors to the United Nations Economic and Social Council, 1944-1952
- RG18‑009 International Affairs Department. Staff Files: Serafino Romualdi’s Files, 1945-1961
- RG18‑010 International Affairs Department. Country Files, 1969-1981.
RG20: Information Department
- RG20-001 Information Department. Major News Publications of the CIO, AFL, and AFL-CIO, 1894-1996
- RG20-002 Information Department. CIO Union News Service, 1936-1950
RG95: Private Donations
- RG95-001 Morris S. Novik Papers, 1940 1989
- RG95-002 Vanni Buscemi Montana Collection, 1925 1991
- RG95-003 Virginia Tehas Oral Interview
- RG95-004 Trades Union Congress Papers, 1942-1943
- RG95-005 United Labor Policy Committee, 1950-1951
- RG95-006 William Baillie Baird Papers, 1886-1927
- RG95-007 Private Donations. Lane Kirkland Papers, 1863-1998
- RG95-008 Larry Rogin Papers, 1926-1988
RG96: Still Images
- RG96-001 Photographic Prints
- RG96-003 Photographic Slides
- RG96-004 Morris B. Schnapper Collection
As women’s history month comes to a close, we’ve changed our display case to feature more of the amazing women whose legacies fill our collections. The display will be extended through April 7 because of the University of Maryland’s Spring Break last week. Come back after that for a display in honor of Maryland Day, held on April 27, 2013.
March 24 – April 07, 2013
Dr. Brown, author of The Single Girl, claims that the abnormal woman must “re-channel her existence via adjustment, sublimation, or a return to the normal, in order to find real happiness.”
How do women define normal? Clearly, not all of us have identical goals, lifestyles, and beliefs. This month, we celebrate the complex diversity of women and each individual’s right to find her personal definition of “real happiness.”
From the back cover of The Single Girl by Dr. Walter C. Brown:
Who is the single girl? How does she live? How did she get that way?
Here is a book which examines her problems—lesbianism, bisexualism, alcoholism, frigidity, nymphomania, narcissism, sadomasochism, or asexualism—and seeks to gain some measure of understanding of the various types of girls who get trapped by so-called single blessedness.
Through illuminating case histories culled from his private files, Dr. Brown probes into the lives of unmarried women and explains why—having chosen or been forced into an abnormal live—the single girl must re-channel her existence via adjustment, sublimation or a return to the normal, in order to find real happiness.
Each month, the Special Collections displays rare, unique items from our collection that resonate with present-day events. On March 1st through March 31, 2013, visit the Maryland Room on the 1st floor of Hornbake Library and delve deeper into women’s history. We’ll also provide online tools, resources, and information about our displays and women’s history every Wednesday and Sunday this month.
Our display honors International Women’s Day on March 8th.
University of Maryland Libraries Resources for the student or researcher of women’s history
Women’s history and the struggle for equality covers a broad spectrum of issues, events, and individuals. To support International Women’s Day and students or researchers of women’s history, here is a list of some online resources (exhibits, collections, and subject guides) available from the Special Collections and other University of Maryland Libraries. If you run into a resource only accessible to University of Maryland researchers, and you need access to something in these guides, we welcome you to contact us for more information.
Are you interested in the individual voices of women? Are you searching for organizations in history that represented women’s communities or rights?
Here is a list of finding aids for materials at the Special Collections. Some of these items are digitized and available online through Digital Collections (online items will be noted in the finding aids).
You can also search Digital Collections using the terms “woman,” “women,” “women’s rights,” and similar key terms for images and finding aids from our collections.
These guides provide tips and resources for researching women’s history. Some guides relate to a specific class, but may also have useful resources for your studies.
16” RCA Victor “Orthacoustic” transcription disc, made for the NBC’ Thesaurus label (“A Treasure House of Recorded Programs”). Recorded programming was prohibited on the national radio network but RCA/NBC didn’t mind getting into the business of producing transcriptions and providing canned programs to local stations…
The World’s Fair Ephemeral and Graphic Material Collection is now available at the Maryland Room, 1st floor Hornbake Library. To celebrate, we are featuring four blog posts about World’s Fair history and the collection. Read the next post Friday, February 8, 2013.
Part 1 of 4
Before the internet, World’s Fairs gave people the chance to explore the world outside their everyday experience. People from all over the world flocked to the fairs to see the monumental architecture and exotic landscapes and to experience different cultures, international foods and new inventions. For a brief amount of time, cities would transform their everyday setting into places of magic and entertainment.
The Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of all Nations, held in 1851 in London’s Hyde Park, is known as the first international exposition. The Great Exhibition was organized by Henry Cole and Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria, to celebrate modern industrial technology and design. It became a platform for countries from around the world to display their achievements.
Visit the recently expanded finding aid for the World’s Fair Ephemeral and Graphic Material Collection and A Treasury of World’s Fair Art & Architecture digital archive for more information.
Article by A. Moore, Historic Preservation Graduate Assistant.