Just like Jimmy wrote to AF of L President Samuel Gompers in this 1909 postcard,we send you “best wishes for a pleasant time” this 4th of July!
In celebration of the 150th anniversary of the publication of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland, Special Collections and University Archives at the University of Maryland will be hosting the exhibition: Alice 150 Years and Counting…The Legacy of Lewis Carroll: Selections from the Collection of August and Clare Imholtz.
This exhibition explores Lewis Carroll’s creative genius. It begins with early editions of his most famous books, Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass, and includes Carroll’s other fictional, poetic, photographic, and mathematical works. The exhibition celebrates the worldwide and timeless appeal of Carroll’s legacy by showcasing how artists and illustrators from Tenniel to today have envisioned the Alice books. It highlights numerous foreign language illustrated editions, artistic bindings, unusual ephemera, and the role of Alice in popular culture over the past 150 years.
The exhibition will run from October 2015-July 2016 in the Maryland Room Exhibit Gallery, located in Hornbake Library at the University of Maryland, College Park. For more information, please visit www.lib.umd.edu/Alice150.
AFL-CIO News is Online!
The AFL-CIO News is a publication produced by the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) from 1955-1996. Before the AFL and CIO merged in 1955, they each published their own newspaper. The AFL news-reporter was published from 1951-1955, and the CIO News was published from 1937-1955.
In 2014/2015 the University of Maryland was able to digitize about half of the AFL-CIO News. Volumes 1-25 (1956-1980) are available online in the Internet Archive; each volume can be searched separately by keyword. Volumes 26-40 (1981-1996) will be digitized next year. We hope to digitize the CIO News in future years.
The AFL news-reporter is available online in the HathiTrust Digital Library (limited search only).
Our Special Collections in Labor History & Workplace Studies also have the original cartoon drawings printed in the AFL-CIO News by LeBaron Coakley, John Stampone, and Bernard Seaman.
When we think about the Civil War, the Battle of Fort Sumter and Robert E. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House are usually the events that we often use to mark the beginning and end of the nation’s bloodiest war. But for many soldiers and civilians alike, the Civil War started and finished in Maryland.
The University of Maryland Special Collections and University Archives, with generous funding and support from the estate of Gordon S. McKenzie, has recently acquired documents from Baltimore’s Pratt Street Riot- the site of the Civil War’s first causalities- and Point Lookout prison camp- where many soldiers spent the last years of the war. Highlights of these new collections are currently on display in the Maryland Room in an exhibit called Bookends of the Civil War.
The Pratt Street Riot
Once the Civil War began on April 12th, 1861, federal troops began marching south from the Northern states to Washington, D.C., where they would begin the campaign to bring the rebellious South back into the Union. Just a few days later on April 19th, violence broke out as members of the Massachusetts militia made their way through Baltimore, a city known for its support for slavery and secession. By the end of the day, four Union troops and twelve Baltimore civilians lay dead- the first causalities of the war.
The “Pratt Street Riot” had immediate impacts on Maryland citizens that they recorded in letters to family members and friends, many of which can be found in the new Pratt Street Riot Collection. Shortly after the riot, news spread of a terrifying new weapon, the Winans Steam Gun, which had been built by Ross Winans in order to oppose further Union troop movements in Maryland. Although it was later revealed that this gun was not nearly as effective as conventional canons, it was still featured in newspapers across the country. The Steam Gun was captured by Union troops near Ellicott Mills (today Ellicott City), as it was being taken by some Baltimoreans to sell to Confederate forces.
Marylanders with Southern sympathies and Confederates alike reacted strongly to the Pratt Street Riot. According to the Baltimore mayor George William Brown, the riot was the event that pushed the North and South into full-scale war. Maryland native James Ryder Randal was inspired by the death of a friend in the riot to write the song “Maryland, My Maryland,” which soon became a favorite battle hymn of Confederate soldiers and later became the official Maryland state song.
In the wake of the riot, fear of further violence in the Baltimore area prompted Union General Benjamin Butler to declare martial law in the city the next month. Butler’s men constructed a fort at Federal Hill, keeping cannons constantly trained on Baltimore to discourage further secessionist activity. Federal troops remained in the city for the duration of the war.
The Pratt Street Riot Collection contains letters written by Baltimore citizens and observers who discuss the riot and life in Maryland in its aftermath. The collection also contains a handwritten copy of “A Southern Song,” that was written by a Confederate supporter and describes how many pro-Southern Marylanders felt about the Civil War in its first year.
At “a point of land where the Potomac empties into the Chesapeake Bay,” the U.S. government established a military base at Point Lookout, “where it seemed nature formed it especially for a prison camp” according to Confederate prisoner C.W. Jones. Originally constructed in 1862 as a base and military hospital, Point Lookout grew to become one of the largest Union prison camps of the war.
Point Lookout’s prison camp was built shortly after the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863. Originally intended to house 10,000 men, the prison camp’s population expanded after thousands of captured Confederate soldiers and sailors were transported to Point Lookout and housed in small tents. Poet and author Sidney Lanier was one such prisoner who recounted his Point Lookout experience in an 1867 novel:
Passing a row of small A tents presently, the corporal looked at his book. “Tent fifteen; think there’s four men in it. Let’s see.” He thrust his head into the low opening. “How many in here?” “‘Bout a million, countin’ lice and all!” responded a voice, whose tone blent in itself sorrow, anger, hunger, and the sardonic fearlessness of desperation.
The Point Lookout Collection contains letters, photographs, and official camp records documenting the experiences of Confederate prisoners, camp surgeons, and Union soldiers stationed at the camp. Prisoners often discussed the details of daily life in the prison camp including the food they ate, illnesses and diseases that spread amongst prisoners, and interactions with guards. Union soldiers and officers commonly wrote about official camp matters, details of nearby battles, and life in and around Point Lookout. Aside from the prison camp, Point Lookout also had a busy military hospital (that even had its own weekly newspaper), a “Contraband Camp” that housed escaped slaves, and a bustling dock that supplied Union gunboats and ships in the area.
For many of the approximately 52,000 prisoners, Point Lookout became the place where the Civil War finally ended. Although death rates in camp were actually lower than in the field, about 4,000 prisoners died due to injury, disease, or poor living conditions in the crowded and inadequately supplied prison. When the Civil War ended in 1865, surviving prisoners were released after they signed an official oath of loyalty to the United States (one can be seen in the exhibit). The last prisoner was released in July of 1865.
The Point Lookout Collection consists of dozens of letters from Union and Confederate soldiers and sailors, diaries and scrapbooks, official camp records, photographs, and over twenty issues of the “Hammond Gazette,” the newspaper published by Point Lookout’s hospital each week.
Written by Tyler Stump, former Student Assistant in Special Collections and University Archives.
Special Collection Civil War Subject Guides:
To find out more information about how our collections can help you explore the Civil War, email us at email@example.com.
Saturday, April 25 10 am – 4 pm
From the Ground Floor to the 4th Floor, Hornbake has more than 15 different activities and events for all ages going on throughout Maryland Day. We’re just a few steps away from STAMP, and we’ve got a lot to offer.
Hornbake library is a special collections library and archive. That means we’ve got books, maps, letters, memorabilia, trophies, and all kinds of unique and irreplaceable records that you just can’t find anywhere else. Hornbake’s collections include key records that document the political, social, and economic history of our state and our university. You’ll find everything from the papers of Maryland’s own famous ex-governor Spiro T. Agnew, correspondencee and rare books related to well-known local poets such as H.L. Mencken, to the collection of all surviving issues of UMD’s own student newspaper, The Diamondback. (Check out the LaunchUMD project) We work hard to collect these records so that other people can learn from them, and we’re proud of our library!
So on Maryland Day, we’re throwing open our doors and maybe showing off a little bit. But why not? This Saturday, we have activities and events throughout the building. Connect with our staff and learn more about our library while doing something fun, like painting a (paper) turtle in the lobby, touring the preservation lab, exploring TV board games of the past, or making origami. Be sure to take a look at our new exhibit on the history of the UMD Marching Band, the Mighty Sound of Maryland”.
So check out the complete list of events here at Hornbake, and come see us this Saturday!
Friday, May 1, 1:30 – 4:30 pm
Join a community interested in promoting labor history by editing the popular online encyclopedia Wikipedia. Part celebration and part workshop, Edit-a-Thons are organized around a single topic as a means to build awareness and community. We’ll draw content from labor-related collections at the University of Maryland, including the recently acquired AFL-CIO Archives. No editing or technical experience necessary. All participants will receive complimentary issues of Labor’s Heritage journal. As part of a nationwide effort, other libraries with significant labor collections will also participate.
Event details: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Meetup/DC/UMDLabor
This event is followed by:
AFL-CIO Archive Reception & Tour, 4:30 – 6:00 pm
Join us for a unique opportunity to view the George Meany Memorial AFL-CIO Archive, a prestigious archive originally at the National Labor College. These rich archives provide a unique history of the labor struggle in the United States and internationally. See behind the scenes in the archives stacks: labor cartoons, buttons, pins, and memorabilia. Civil Rights and Labor items will be on display in the Maryland Room. In addition, view labor-related materials, including photographs, censored newspaper articles, posters, and magazines, from the Gordon W. Prange Collection, the largest archive in the world of Japanese print publications from the early years of the Allied Occupation of Japan, 1945-1949.
A new website, americanarchive.org, provides the public with access to a collection of American public radio and television content dating back to the 1950s. These audio and video materials, created by more than 120 public broadcasting organizations across the country, have now been digitized and preserved, and will be a resource for scholars, researchers, educators, filmmakers and the general public to delve into the rich history of public broadcasting across America. We proudly contributed to the American Archive of Public Broadcasting (AAPB), a collaboration between the Library of Congress, WGBH Boston and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
The website will initially provide access to 2.5 million inventory records created during the American Archive Content Inventory Project. The records will provide information about which public media video and audio materials have been digitized and preserved in the AAPB, indicate which video and audio files are available for research on location at WGBH and the Library of Congress, and highlight the participating stations. Contributing stations’ histories, information about significant productions and resources for participating organizations will be available online.
The collection includes interviews and performances by local and national luminaries from a broad variety of professions and cultural genres. Just a few examples of the items in the collection include:
- Iowa Public Television’s interview with Olympic runner Jesse Owens, recorded in 1979, the last year of his life;
- KUSC’s (Los Angeles) broadcast of commentary by George Lucas on the original three Star Wars movies;
- Twin Cities Public Television’s recording of a 1960 interview with presidential candidates John F. Kennedy and Minnesota Senator Hubert Humphrey; and
- WGBH’s 1967 interviews with then-California Governor Ronald Reagan.
Between April and October, WGBH and the Library of Congress will continue development of the AAPB website. By October, video and audio content will be accessible for the public to stream on the website’s Online Reading Room. Curated collections of video and audio by scholars and the AAPB staff will focus on topics of historical significance.